Oily skin - Causes and Symptoms

Related articles: Oily skin


Oily skin is a type of skin characterized by excessive sebum production by the sebaceous glands. This phenomenon is normal from adolescence to 20 years, due to the effect of sex hormones; after this phase, it stabilizes and the skin becomes normal or mixed again.

Oily skin appears oily and greasy to the touch, with a shiny appearance. The color is off, while the texture is irregular, with large pores, pimples and redness. If the sebum results waxy and stagnates in the hair follicles, the formation of imperfections (blackheads and blackheads) is favored and the skin is hyperkeratotic, dehydrated and of greyish and opaque color; in this case, we talk about asphyxiated skin.

This situation can predispose to seborrheic dermatitis and acne manifestations, that is inflammatory reactions with formation of typical lesions (pimples, microcysts and spots).

Oily skin is determined by genetic and constitutional factors, however hormonal imbalances (eg dysfunctions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis), certain hygienic habits (eg use of unsuitable cosmetics), a marked seborrhea and contacts with the environment (climate, sun, dust, bacteria, etc.) can contribute to strengthening or diminishing the initial characteristics.

Even the concomitant presence of digestive disorders (liver and intestinal diseases), too fat-rich nutrition, emotional stress and the intake of certain drugs can influence the onset.

In the image, a woman with a tendency to have oily skin - taken from:

Possible Causes * of Oily Skin

  • Acne
  • Acromegaly
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • folliculitis
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome