Category genetic diseases

I.Randi Malignant Hyperthermia
genetic diseases

I.Randi Malignant Hyperthermia

Generality Malignant hyperthermia is a severe reaction that usually occurs following the administration of some drugs used in general anesthesia. More in detail, malignant hyperthermia represents a particular pathological condition, potentially lethal, which occurs in genetically predisposed individuals following the intake of certain anesthetic drugs and / or muscle relaxants

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genetic diseases

citrullinemia

What is Citrullinemia Citrullinemia is a serious genetic disease with POSSIBLE PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, of which two distinct forms are known: citrullinemia type 1 and citrullinemia type 2 ; in principle, citrullinemia determines: Excessive increase in blood citrulline Excessive increase in ammoniama and risk of coma (especially type 1) Increase in orotic acid (especially type 1) Arginine deficiency Impaired liver function What is citrulline
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genetic diseases

Epigenetics

Generality and Definition Epigenetics deals with the study of all those heritable modifications that lead to variations in gene expression without altering the DNA sequence, thus without causing changes in the sequence of nucleotides that compose it. In other words, epigenetics can be defined as the study of those variations in the expression of our genes, which are not caused by real genetic mutations, but which can be transmitted
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genetic diseases

Metachromatic leukodystrophy of I.Randi

Generality Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease that occurs mainly in childhood. It is a pathology caused by a genetic mutation transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner by parents (healthy carriers) to children. The severity of the clinical picture is usually related to the age at which the disease occurs
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genetic diseases

Imperfect Osteogenesis

Generality Imperfect osteogenesis is a congenital genetic disease, unrelated to sex, responsible for a certain bone fragility and a marked tendency to fracture . The causes of imperfect osteogenesis are almost always to be found in genetic mutations of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes; COL1A1 and COL1A2 control the normal production of type 1 collagen, which is fundamental for the resistance of the bones of the human body
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genetic diseases

I.Randi's Bartter syndrome

Generality Bartter syndrome is a rare disease characterized by impaired sodium, chlorine and potassium reabsorption in the loop of Henle . This disease owes its name to the American endocrinologist who discovered it: Frederic Crosby Bartter. The annual incidence was estimated at 1 / 830, 000. There are several variants of Bartter's syndrome whose transmission, although still autosomal, can vary from recessive to dominant depending on the case
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genetic diseases

Berdon syndrome by I.Randi

Generality Berdon syndrome is a rare congenital disease involving the bladder and the enteric tract. This syndrome owes its name to Walter Berdon, the doctor who described it completely for the first time in 1976, identifying it in five girls. In detail, it is a disease characterized by an excessive dilation of the urinary bladder and an important abdominal distension which is associated with a series of serious symptoms that can put the patient's survival at risk
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genetic diseases

Marfan syndrome

What is Marfan Syndrome? Marfan syndrome describes a complex hereditary disorder of the connective tissue, which mainly affects the eyes, cardiovascular system and skeletal muscle system. However, considering that every organ is made up of connective tissue, Marfan syndrome can ideally destroy and interfere heavily with growth and function of each anatomical site
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genetic diseases

Variations in the number of chromosomes in humans: aneuploidy

Aneuploidy is a chromosomal anomaly, characterized by a variation in the normal number of chromosomes present within a cell of a given species. As far as the human being is concerned, a subject having more or fewer chromosomes than the normal number which is 46 is considered aneuploid . Aneuploidy can affect autosomal chromosomes or sex chromosomes and can sometimes cause serious consequences
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genetic diseases

Criminal behavior and XYY syndrome: example of statistical error

Of the 23 pairs of chromosomes that make up the genome of a healthy individual, only a couple are sufficient to determine a person's sex. In fact, women have two X sex chromosomes, while men have an X sex chromosome and a Y chromosome. There are several genetic diseases due to sex chromosomes, one of which is Jacobs syndrome or more simply XYY syndrome
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genetic diseases

Hemophilia: a disease passed into history

Hemophilia is a recessive inherited genetic disorder that alters the normal process of blood clotting and leads to prolonged bleeding . To cause hemophilia in an individual, it is a genetic mutation present at the level of the sex chromosome X; this mutation is generally inherited from one of the two parents, who also carries the same chromosomal anomaly
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