Related articles: Tracheitis
Tracheitis is an inflammation of the trachea, often caused by an infection. More frequently, bacterial agents (such as Staphylococcus aureus and β-hemolytic group A streptococci) or viral agents (rhinovirus, adenovirus and influenza virus) are involved. Furthermore, tracheitis can develop as a complication of a common cold or other infections of the nose and throat.
Tracheitis mainly affects children, either in passing or chronic. The possibility of contracting the disease increases when the patient's immune system is particularly weakened.
Most common symptoms and signs *
- Chest pain
- Pain in the sternum
- Dry throat
- Sore throat
- Throat itch
The symptoms of tracheitis begin in a sudden way with respiratory stridor, high fever and cough, often with abundant purulent secretions. In addition, a feeling of tightness in the chest, burning behind the breastbone and difficulty breathing can appear.
The diagnosis of tracheitis can be confirmed by direct laryngoscopy, which reveals the presence of inflammation in the affected area.
Most patients treated appropriately (generally with antibiotic therapy) recover without complications.